Call For Paper Volume:7 Issue:2 Feb'2020 |


Publication Date : 30/04/2015

Author(s) :

SANAP SANTOSH , Dr. M. Husain , F. I.Chavhan , santoshsanap.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 4
(04 - 2015)

Abstract :

In drought-plagued Maharashtra, good water management is a matter of life and death. Small-scale farmers in the Indian state are dependent on infrequent rainfall to maintain their fields, livestock, and forest based livelihoods. During the dry season, drinking water is so scarce that supplies are trucked into thousands of villages (D’Souza and Lobo 2004:2). In recent years, development initiatives in the region have focused on village-led watershed management activities, aimed at conserving natural resources and improving livelihoods. Among these is the Indo-German Watershed Development Program (IGWDP), which has funded 145 projects in 24 districts, successfully mobilizing villagers to regenerate land through tree-planting and water and soil conservation (D’Souza and Lobo 2004:3). One of the program’s more dramatic success stories is Darewadi village, in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra’s most drought-prone district. As recently as 1996, the main village and its twelve hamlets were on the verge of desertification. Scarce rainfall supported only 3-4 months of agricultural activity a year, forcing villagers to migrate in search of seasonal work for the rest of the year. Today, farm-based employment is available 9-10 months of the year, and agricultural wages have doubled. More crop varieties are now grown due to extensive new irrigation, and the value of cultivated land has quadrupled (WOTR 2002:4). Before the watershed was regenerated, Darewadi 921 residents depended on water deliveries from a tanker truck from April to July. Yet in summer 2004 the village was tanker-free, despite receiving only 350 mm of rain in 2003—100 mm less than its annual average Inhabitants have also gained in less tangible ways from the self-organization that has driven their village’s revival. They have learned new skills and found new social cohesion. The Darewadi project and similar experiments are not perfect: the role of women can be limited, and landless people may not share equally in the benefits. Nevertheless, Darewadi undoubted success provides one encouraging model for people led sustainable development in arid regions, where many of the world’s poor live

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April 28, 2015