Call For Paper Volume:8 Issue:1 Jan'2021 |


Publication Date : 16/10/2015

Author(s) :

Chandrakant A. Shinde , Dr. Mujahid Husain , F.I.Chavan.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 10
(10 - 2015)

Abstract :

Self-reliance in energy is vital for overall economic development of our country. The need to search for alternative sources of energy which are renewable, safe and non- polluting assumes top priority in view of the uncertain supplies and frequent price hikes of fossil fuels in the international market. Biodiesel has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits and the fact that it is made from renewable resources. The used cooking oils are used as raw material, adaption of continuous transesterification process and recovery of high quality glycerol from biodiesel by-product (glycerol) are primary options to be considered to lower the cost of biodiesel. There are four primary ways to make biodiesel, direct use and blending, micro emulsions, thermal cracking (pyrolysis) and transesterification. Biodiesel fuel typically comprises lower alkyl fatty acid (chain length C14–C22), esters of short-chain alcohols, primarily, methanol or ethanol. Methanol is the commonly used alcohol in this process, due in part to its low cost. Biodiesel seems to be a realistic fuel for future; it has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits. Biodiesel is an environmentally friendly fuel that can be used in any diesel engine without modification. This also includes production of biodiesel by transesterification of Jatropha Curcas oil.

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October 14, 2015