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Trends in Rainfall Pattern over Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra State, India

Publication Date : 10/07/2015



Author(s) :

Aparna M. Deulkar , Mrs Pradnya R. Dixit , Dr. Himanshu Kulkarni.


Conference Name :
4th International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering & Technology(ICRTET-2015) July 2-4,2015 Organized by SNJB's KBJ College of Engineering,Chandwad,Nashik,Maharashtra,India



Abstract :

Atmospheric temperature is increasing day by day due to global warming and climate changes which are attributed towards the this change in climate system is important to resolve the critical issues of environment. Also, rainfall, being the predominant form causing stream flow, especially the flood flow in the majority of rivers in India, it is very much necessary to know about its pattern. The magnitude of rainfall varies with time. Differences in the magnitude of rainfall in various parts of a country at a given time and place in various seasons of the year are variable an details. This variation is responsible for many hydrological problems, such as flood and droughts. In India, the study of rainfall during monsoon season (June to September) is very crucial for the economic development, disaster mean rainfall and its variability on smaller spatial scale are important. The changing pattern of rainfall can be investigated by computing seasonality index of rainfall. In the present work, total annual rainfall data for the period 1901 districts namely Akola, Wardha, Washim and Yavatmal is considered. This data is then analyzed for mean, standard deviation and skewness of coefficient to understand the region. By using this analysis, the seasonality index which is the measure of distribution of rainfall throughout the seasonal cycle is defined and used to classify the different rainfall in the region. Also the long term changes of the seasonality index are identified by the trend analysis to find the changing pattern of rainfall over the district scale. Present study will definitely provide a guideline for the researchers for sustainable development of water resources over Regions.


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