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Diesel Engine Performance and Emission Characteristics with Chicken Fat Biodiesel Compared to other Biodiesels

Publication Date : 10/07/2015



Author(s) :

K Srinivasa Rao , K Bhaskara Mutyalu , Dr. A Ramakrishna.


Conference Name :
4th International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering & Technology(ICRTET-2015) July 2-4,2015 Organized by SNJB's KBJ College of Engineering,Chandwad,Nashik,Maharashtra,India



Abstract :

The rapid diminishing of fossil fuel resources, limited in nature and concerns of environment were the reasons for exploring the biodiesel use as petroleum based fuel substitute. Even though biodiesel is gaining worldwide attraction as a proper substitute for petroleum diesel, the cost of biodiesel is highly undesirable aspect in usage. The main reason for high price is the cost of feedstock. Hence biodiesel produced from cheap feedstock waste chicken fat could be used for biodiesel production to fulfill energy demand and alternative to petroleum diesel. The present work is focused on the fuel properties of biodiesel produced from waste chicken fat and performance & emission characteristics of 3.72 kW diesel engine when running with chicken fat biodiesel. Also its suitability is evaluated in comparison with other biodiesels like corn biodiesel, waste cooking oil biodiesel, sunflower biodiesel and petroleum diesel in terms of diesel engine performance & emission characteristics. Results show that it is possible to usethe chicken fat biodiesel in the existing diesel engine without any engine modification. The higher brake thermal efficiency and lower brake specific fuel consumption were observed with chicken fat biodiesel compared to other biodiesels. However slightly lower performance was obtained with chicken fat biodiesel compared to petroleum diesel. Slightly lower NOX and higher HC & CO emissions were obtained with chicken fat biodiesel when compared to other biodiesels. Compared to petroleum diesel 20.08% higher NOX and 43.18% & 21.05% lower HC & CO were observed with chicken fat biodiesel.


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