Call For Paper Volume:4 Issue:8 Aug'2017 |

A Survey on Cluster Based Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

Publication Date : 31/08/2015

Author(s) :

Asia Sultana , Sayyada Hajera Begum.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 8
(08 - 2015)

Abstract :

Wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of a large number of tiny, cheap, resource-constrained, smart devices called sensors that can be deployed inside or near a physical area that is to be observed. They are networked through wireless links and the Internet, and provide unprecedented opportunities for a variety of military and civilian applications like environmental monitoring, battle field surveillance, and industry process control. The performance of WSN depends mainly on the routing protocol. Routing protocols are broadly categorized as - Data centric or negotiation based protocols, Hierarchical or Cluster based protocols and Location based protocols. The most important challenge in WSN is energy conservation and one of the most popular methods of making WSN energy-efficient is clustering. Clustering routing protocols in WSNs have a number of advantages such as better scalability, efficient consumption of energy and increased lifetime. In this paper, we first discuss the system architecture of the WSN, design and routing challenges of WSN, classification of routing protocols, Clustering concepts and then the Clustering routing protocols. We survey different clustering routing protocols, highlighting their objectives, advantages and disadvantages. Finally, we compare, and conclude the paper.

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A Survey on Cluster Based Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

August 31, 2015