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Cottonseed Oil as an Alternative Fuel for C.I. Engine

Publication Date : 28/02/2015



Author(s) :

Tejrao Ghormade , Kiran Thekedar.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
,
Issue 2
(02 - 2015)



Abstract :

In today’s era of escalating energy cost, vegetable oils provide a technically as well as economically viable substitute to diesel oils for use in automobile as well as stationary engines. Alternate fuels have the great potential to supplement the growing demands for conventional petroleum fuels. The main alternative fuel of significance in the present and near future may be bio fuels or bio diesel. Bio-diesel is an efficient, clean 100% natural energy alternative to petroleum fuels. It is a renewable substitute or blending stock, currently being commercialized in United States and Europe. Bio-diesel operate in C.I. engines similar to diesel fuels. It can be burnt in any standard unmodified diesel engine blended with 25% to 100% bio-diesel with diesel. Cottonseed oil can be converted into bio-diesel fuel as ethyl fuel as ethyl ester by transesterification. Cottonseed oil methyl ester was prepared which showed density, calorific value, flash point, and pour point close to that of diesel oil. The blends of varying proportions of this bio-diesels and diesel were used to run a single cylinder compression ignition engine and significant improvement in engine performance and emission characteristics were observed.


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Cottonseed Oil as an Alternative Fuel for C.I. Engine

February 24, 2015